To avoid weather-related health problems such as frostbite, Dr. Vicki Whitacre of the Zanesville-Muskingum County Health Department, says to pay close attention to your ears, nose and hands, and if you feel pain, head indoors.
Dr. Whitacre explained, "First you get onset of pain and redness to the area and then it sort of becomes numb, or can turn white or waxy looking and feels hard when it’s actually frozen."
Shivering, confusion, memory loss, fumbling hands and drowsiness are all warning signs for hypothermia in adults. And for infants, the warning signs are bright red or cold skin, and low energy.
"Once you get down below 95 degrees for your temperature for your body, then you start to have problems and you get below 90 or 88, and you can become really pretty ill, confused, and make a lot of bad decisions because you cant think properly and those people sometimes are found frozen."
Even if you’re dressed for the weather wearing layers, hats and mittens, Whitacre says to limit your time to a maximum of 10 to 20 minutes outside. With the wind chill, Whitacre also says to protect your face by covering it with a scarf when you go outdoors.